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COMO CALCULAR LA CANTIDAD DE LADRILLOS EN UN MURO [PDF] —> Gratis – IDEAS BRILLANTES

COMO CALCULAR LA CANTIDAD DE LADRILLOS EN UN MURO [PDF] —> Gratis


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CALCULAR LA CANTIDAD DE LADRILLOS

PROCEDIMIENTOS BÁSICOS

APORTES DE MATERIALES

A continuación, se presenta la forma de calcular las cantidades de los principales materiales que se usarán en la construcción de la vivienda:

a. Cálculo de la cantidad de ladrillos para muros

Para calcular la cantidad de ladrillos que se necesitan por m2 de muro, se puede emplear la siguiente fórmula: Las cantidades obtenidas no consideran desperdicio (rotura de ladrillos) por lo que se debe aumentar a esta cantidad obtenida un 5%.
En el siguiente cuadro, se muestra un resumen con las cantidades de ladrillo por m2 de muro:

PROPORCIONES PARA MEZCLAS DE CONCRETO Y MORTERO

b. Cálculo de la cantidad de mortero, de cemento y de arena gruesa por m2 de muro

Para calcular la cantidad de mortero que entra por m2 de muro, se debe usar la siguiente fórmula: Por ejemplo, si se quiere calcular la cantidad de mortero que se empleará en el asentado de soga de ladrillo king kong (9x13x24) por m2 de muro con 1.5 cm. de junta horizontal y vertical.
Con esta fórmula obtenemos la cantidad de m3 de mortero por cada m2 de muro, pero como adicionalmente se sabe que 1m3 de mortero de proporción 1:5consume 7.5 bolsas de cemento y 1.05 m3 de arena gruesa, entonces por simple multiplicación, podremos conocer la cantidad de cemento y arena por m2 de muro.

CANTIDAD DE MORTERO, CEMENTO Y ARENA GRUESA POR m2 DE MURO

El desperdicio de mortero en muros con ladrillos huecos es muy alto, pudiendo ser más del doble de las cantidades calculadas, debido a que el mortero ingresa en los huecos de los ladrillos.

c. Cálculo de la cantidad de ladrillos para techo

Para calcular la cantidad de ladrillos que entran en un m2 de techo, se debe emplear la siguiente fórmula: Las cantidades obtenidas no consideran desperdicio (rotura de ladrillos) por lo que se debe aumentar a la cantidad un 5%.
Por ejemplo, si se quiere calcular la cantidad de ladrillos(15x30x30cm) que entra por metro cuadrado de techo, se tendrá lo siguiente: A continuación se presenta una tabla con las cantidades calculadas para diferentes tipos de ladrillos de techo:

CANTIDAD DELADRILLO POR m2 DE TECHO

d. Cálculo del volumen de concreto, cemento, arena y piedra por m2 de techo

Para calcular la cantidad de mortero que entra por m2 de muro se debe usar la siguiente fórmula: Por ejemplo, para calcular la cantidad de concreto para una losa aligerada de 17 cm. usando un ladrillo de 12x30x30, se tendrá lo siguiente:
Conociendo este volumen de concreto y sabiendo que por cada m3 de concreto de f´c=175kg/cm2se consumen 8.5 bolsas de cemento, 0.60 m3 de arena gruesa y 0.60 m3 de piedra chancada, entonces por simple multiplicación podremos conocer la cantidad de cemento, arena gruesa y piedra chancada por m3.
La tabla muestra las cantidades de concreto calculadas para diferentes espesores de techo sin considerar un desperdicio del 5%: PROPORCIONES PARA MEZCLAS DE CONCRETO YMORTERO

DESCARGA AQUI: CALCULO DE LA CANTIDAD DE LADRILLOS PDF

DESCARGA AQUI: CALCULO DE LADRILLOS Y MAS EXCEL

6 comments

  1. Me gusta mucho td lo q es herreria y cnstrucion mandar porfa p aprender

  2. Edgar Alva Zabarburu

    Excelente información, ya lo descargué todos los PDFs

  3. Practico y de gran ayuda
    Seria bueno saber calculo de concreto en loza aligerada,escaleras,columnas.etc

  4. Angel gilberto Arevalo Bustamante

    Muy buena enseñanza estoy de acuerdo que sería bueno saber los cálculos de tipos de concreto.gracias

  5. Aprecio tu trabajo descargue el libro de excel. Muchas gracias

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